Alabama | Voting Guide
Registration Deadlines and Election Dates
Voter Registration Deadline: 15 days before Election Day
Primary Election Voter Registration Deadline: May 9
Primary Election: May 24
Primary Runoff Election Voter Registration Deadline: June 6
Primary Runoff Election: June 21
General Election Voter Registration Deadline: October 24
General Election: November 8
Official Election Websites
More election information at
Online voter registration available at
Mail-in voter registration form available at
Register at School or Home
Students have a decision about where to register to vote.
You have a right to register to vote at the address you consider the place where you live, whether that is your family's home or the place where you attend school. You should update your registration anytime this home address changes.
You may only be registered and vote in one location.
What Type of ID Do I Need to Register?
Alabama’s paper voter registration form asks for your Alabama driver’s license or non-driver ID number, or the last four digits of your Social Security Number. If you have a valid Alabama driver’s license or ID number, you may choose to register online.
What Type of ID Do I Need to Vote?
Alabama requires photo ID to vote both in person and absentee. Acceptable photo IDs are:
A valid Alabama driver’s license or Alabama non–driver ID card (not expired or expired up to 60 days)
A valid Alabama voter photo ID card
An Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Driver's License or Nondriver ID
Any other valid photo ID card issued by a state or the federal government
A valid U.S. passport
A valid student or employee photo ID card from a public or private college or university in Alabama
A valid student or employee ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state
A valid employee photo ID card issued by the federal government, Alabama state government, or an Alabama municipal government
A valid U.S. military photo ID card
A valid tribal photo ID card
A valid AL Department of Corrections Release - Temporary ID (photo required)
A valid AL Movement/Booking Sheet from Prison/Jail System (photo required)
A valid pistol permit (photo required)
Voters who lack an acceptable ID may apply for a free photo ID: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/candidate-resources/ApplicationForFreeALPhotoVoterIdCard.pdf
They may also request a home visit by a Photo Voter ID Mobile Unit using the following form: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/request-mobile-unit?_ga=2.114319875.520218548.1626807106-1592689779.1626807106.
If you do not have a valid photo ID when voting in person, you are still eligible to cast a regular ballot if you are positively identified by two election officials. Otherwise, you may cast a provisional ballot. Your provisional ballot will not count unless you provide photo ID to the county board of registrars no later than 5 p.m. on the Friday following the election.
For more information about voter identification in Alabama, please visit: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/voter-id.
Where Do I Vote?
Make a plan. Look up your voting site and hours at: https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/PollingPlaceSearch.do
How Can I Vote?
You may vote an absentee ballot by mail for one of the following reasons:
You are a registered Alabama voter living outside the county in which you are registered, including military members, their spouses, and dependents, U.S. citizens residing overseas, and students at colleges or universities located outside their counties of residence
You will be absent from the county or state on Election Day
You are ill or have a physical infirmity that prevents you from going to the polls
Your work shift overlap is at least 10 hours long and coincides with polling hours on Election Day
You are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your own
You are a caregiver to a family member who is confined to his or her home
You are incarcerated at a prison or jail and have not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude
Applications for absentee ballots returned by mail must include a copy of acceptable voter ID and must be received by your county’s Absentee Election Manager no later than seven days before the Election Day. Applications returned by hand must be received no less than five days before Election Day.
To be counted, an absentee ballot must be notarized or signed by two witnesses over the age of 18.
Completed absentee ballots returned in person must be received by the closing of business, and no later than 5 p.m., on the day prior to Election Day. Absentee ballots submitted by mail must be received by the Absentee Election Manager by noon on Election Day.
Voting sites will be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Election Day. If you are in line by the closing time, you have the right to vote.
Registering to Vote Does Not Affect Your:
Federal Financial Aid
Where you register to vote will not affect federal financial aid such as Pell Grants, Perkins or Stafford loans, or your dependency status for FAFSA
Status as a Dependent on Your Parents’ Taxes
Being registered to vote at a different address from your parents does not prevent them from claiming you as a dependent on their taxes
Being deemed out-of-state for tuition purposes does not prevent you from choosing to register to vote in your campus community
Will registering to vote in Alabama affect my driver’s license or car registration?
Registering to vote in Alabama does not necessarily affect your driver's license or car registration. However, as a new resident of Alabama, you may be required to make changes to your driver's license and car registration regardless of whether you register to vote there. You may wish to contact the Alabama Motor Vehicle Division.
Fair Elections Center and Campus Vote Project intend the information contained herein to be used only as a general guide. This document should not be used as a substitute for consultation with a licensed Alabama legal professional.
Last updated May 2022