Alabama | Voting Guide

Registration Deadlines and Election Dates

Voter Registration Deadline: 15 days before Election Day



  • Primary Election Registration Deadline:

  • In-person- February 14;

  • Postmarked- February 15;

  • Online - February 17

  • Primary Election: March 3

  • General Election Registration Deadline: October 19

  • General Election: November 3

Official Election Websites
Register at School or Home

Students have a choice about where to register to vote.


Students attending college may register at their campus address or choose to remain registered or register at their permanent or home address.


You may only be registered and vote in one location.

What Type of ID Do I Need to Register?

Alabama’s voter registration form asks for your Alabama driver’s license or non-driver ID number, or the last four digits of your Social Security Number. If you have a valid Alabama driver’s license or ID number, you may choose to register online.

What Type of ID Do I Need to Vote?

Alabama requires photo ID to vote both in person and absentee. Acceptable photo IDs are:

  • A valid Alabama driver’s license or Alabama non–driver ID card (not expired or expired up to 60 days)

  • A valid Alabama voter photo ID card

  • Any other valid photo ID card issued by a state or the federal government

  • A valid U.S. passport

  • A valid employee photo ID card issued by the federal government, Alabama state government, or an Alabama municipal government

  • A valid student or employee photo ID card from a public or private college or university in Alabama

  • A valid U.S. military photo ID card

  • A valid tribal photo ID card

  • If you vote absentee, you must submit a copy of valid photo ID with your ballot.


If you do not have a valid photo ID when voting in person, you are still eligible to cast a regular ballot if you are positively identified by two election officials. Otherwise, you may cast a provisional ballot. Your provisional ballot will not count unless you provide photo ID to the county board of registrars no later than 5 p.m. on the Friday following the election. 

Where Do I Vote?

Make a plan. Look up your voting site and hours at:

How Can I Vote?

By Mail


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, if you find it impossible or unreasonable to vote at your general polling place you are eligible for an absentee ballot by checking the following box on the absentee ballot form: “I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls.”

You may vote an absentee ballot by mail if you have one of the following reasons:

  • You are a registered Alabama voter living outside the county in which you are registered, including military members, their spouses, and dependents, U.S. citizens residing overseas, and students at colleges or universities located outside their counties of residence;

  • You will be absent from the county or state on Election Day;

  • You are ill or have a physical infirmity that prevents you from going to the polls;

  • Your work shift overlaps with at least 10 of the hours the polls are open on Election Day;

  • You are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your own;

  • You are a caregiving to a family member who is confined to his or her home; or

  • You are incarcerated at a prison or jail and have not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude.

Applications for absentee ballots must be received by your county’s Absentee Election Manager no later than five days before the election.

To be counted, an absentee ballot must be notarized or signed by two witnesses over the age of 18.

Completed absentee ballots must be returned in person by the closing of business, and no later than 5 p.m., on the day prior to the election. Absentee ballots submitted by mail must be postmarked no later than the day prior to the election and received by the Absentee Election Manager by noon on Election Day.

Early In-person

  • The absentee voting rules allow you to receive an absentee ballot in person, no later than five days before the election.

  • You can return your completed absentee ballot in person the same day, but no later than 5:00 p.m. on the day prior to the election.

  • You need one of the excuses listed above to qualify for an absentee ballot.

Election Day

  • Voting sites will be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Election Day. If you are in line by the closing time, you will be allowed to vote.

Common Questions/Concerns

Registering to Vote Does Not Affect Your:

Federal Financial Aid

Where you register to vote will not affect federal financial aid such as Pell Grants, Perkins or Stafford loans, or your dependency status for FAFSA

Status as a Dependent on Your Parents’ Taxes

Being registered to vote at a different address from your parents does not prevent them from claiming you as a dependent on their taxes

Tuition Status

Being deemed out-of-state for tuition purposes does not prevent you from choosing to register to vote in your campus community


Will registering to vote in Alabama affect my driver’s license or car registration?

Although an individual must be an Alabama resident to vote in the state, registering to vote in Alabama does not necessarily change your driver’s license and vehicle registration. For more information, contact the Alabama Department of Revenue Motor Vehicle Division or an Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Driver License Office.

Fair Elections Center and Campus Vote Project intend the information contained herein to be used only as a general guide. This document should not be used as a substitute for consultation with a licensed Alabama legal professional.


Last updated September 2020