West Virginia | Voting Guide

 
check.jpg
Registration Deadlines and Election Dates

Voter Registration Deadline: 21 days before Election Day.

 
check.jpg
Official Election Websites
 
check.jpg
Register at School or Home

Students have a decision about where to register to vote.


You have a right to register to vote at the address you consider the place where you live, whether that is your family's home or the place where you attend school. You should update your registration anytime this home address changes.


You may only be registered and vote in one location.

 
check.jpg
What Type of ID Do I Need to Register?

If you register online, you must provide your West Virginia driver’s license or ID number and the last four digits of your Social Security number.


West Virginia’s paper voter registration form asks for your West Virginia driver’s license or ID number, or the last four digits of your Social Security number. Be sure to provide one of these numbers if you have it.

 
check.jpg
What Type of ID Do I Need to Vote?

Voters who appear to vote in person during the early voting period or on Election Day must present voter ID. Your ID cannot be expired.


Acceptable forms of ID include:

  • A valid student identification card with a photograph of the eligible voter issued by an institution of higher education in West Virginia, or a valid high school identification card issued by a West Virginia high school

  • A document with your name on it from the U.S. government, state of West Virginia, or a town or city within West Virginia

  • A driver’s license or state ID from West Virginia

  • A valid driver’s license from a state other than West Virginia

  • A U.S. passport

  • A valid Social Security card

  • A valid West Virginia voter registration card

  • A valid bank, credit, or health insurance card

  • A valid SNAP, TANF, or Medicaid card

  • A valid military identification card with a photograph of the voter

  • A valid utility bill or bank statement issued within the 6 months before the election.


More information and a full list of acceptable forms of ID and exceptions is available at: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/BeReg.aspx.

 
check.jpg
Where Do I Vote?

Make a plan. Look up your voting site and hours at: https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/FindMyPollingPlace

 
check.jpg
How Can I Vote?

By Mail


West Virginia allows voters to vote absentee by mail with an excuse. You can request your absentee ballot online or through a paper application


Voters are eligible to cast an absentee ballot due to:

  • Attendance at college or other place of education or training

  • Illness, injury, or other medical reason

  • Immobility due to disability or advanced age

  • Incarceration or home detention, not pursuant to a felony conviction

  • Work hours or distance from the county seat that make it impossible to vote in person

  • Participation in the Address Confidentiality Program

  • An inaccessible early voting site and polling place

  • Personal or business travel

  • Temporary residency outside the voter’s county of registration

  • Service as an elected or appointed state or federal official


Track your absentee ballot at https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/AbsenteeBallotTracking.


Applications can be submitted by mail, email, or fax and must be received by the clerk by the 6th day before an election.


Completed ballots must be returned in person to the county clerk's office by the day before Election Day and received no later than start of canvass, which in most counties is 5 days after Election Day.


Voters with disabilities may receive, mark, and return their ballots electronically. For more information, visit: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/DisabledVotersEVoting.aspx.



Early In-Person


  • All registered voters may vote early in-person at their county courthouse (or any other designated location). Early voting begins on the 13th day before Election Day and continues until 3 days before the Election Day.

  • You may vote early during normal business hours Monday to Friday and 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., on Saturday.

  • Check with your County Clerk's office for specific location and times.



Election Day


Voting sites will be open from 6:30 a.m. until 7:30 p.m. If you are in line by the time polls close, then you have a right to vote.

 
check.jpg
Common Questions/Concerns

Registering to Vote Does Not Affect Your:


Federal Financial Aid

Where you register to vote will not affect federal financial aid such as Pell Grants, Perkins or Stafford loans, or your dependency status for FAFSA.


Status as a Dependent on Your Parents’ Taxes

Being registered to vote at a different address from your parents does not prevent them from claiming you as a dependent on their taxes.


Tuition Status

Being deemed out-of-state for tuition purposes does not prevent you from choosing to register to vote in your campus community.


Will registering to vote in West Virginia affect my driver’s license or car registration?

As a new resident of West Virginia, you may need to obtain a West Virginia dirver's license and update your car's registration, regardless of whether your register to vote there. You may wish to contact the West Virginia Division of Motor Vehicles.

Fair Elections Center and Campus Vote Project intend the information contained herein to be used only as a general guide. This document should not be used as a substitute for consultation with a licensed West Virginia legal professional.

 

Last updated July 2021